MDN Menu
MDN.ORG Mo. Digital News Missouri Digital News MDN.ORG: Mo. Digital News MDN.ORG: Missouri Digital News


Bills Passed
By the 1996 Legislative Session
Status as of June 21, 1996

Note: Bill descriptions are prepared by staff of Missouri Digital News.

Click here for the text version.


HJR 58ON BALLOTLumpe
Create a budget stabilization fund.
SJR 29ON BALLOTMaxwell
Let cities and towns issue revenue bonds for municipal sewage treatment plants.
SJR 32ON BALLOTDePasco
Create a separate Department of Aging.
HB 773GOVERNOR SIGNEDBacker
For purposes of driver's license suspension or revocation, points accumulated from date of conviction. Several other changes with license points.
HB 766GOVERNOR SIGNEDClayton
Makes employees of the Marion County 911 emergency phone board eligible for membership in the government retirement system.
HB 781GOVERNOR SIGNEDStokan
Require Alzheimer's disease programs disclose information about its programs.
HB 791GOVERNOR SIGNEDRoss
Student's parent may waive school board suspension hearing. Now, hearing is required to suspend or expel a student.
HB 809GOVERNOR SIGNEDShields
Change re-licensing requirements for ambulance attendant-driver and mobile emergency medical technician. Lets Health Board set the precise course-completion requirements.
HB 811GOVERNOR SIGNEDSmith
Several provisions to facilitate organ donations. Coroner must undertake efforts to accommodate organ donations.
HB 819GOVERNOR VETOEDBacker
Multi-state compact on emergency services. Coordination of services in emergencies & disasters.
HB 823GOVERNOR SIGNEDBarnett
Allow sale of some Northwest State University property in New Mexico to Northwest Foundation, Inc.
HB 832GOVERNOR SIGNEDMontgomery
Let Veterans Commission construct and operate veterans' cemeteries around state.
HB 846GOVERNOR SIGNEDKoller
Exempt county party committee from financial disclosure requirements.
HB 876GOVERNOR SIGNEDBray
Highway Department to regulate safety rules for the Metrolink light rail system.
HB 895GOVERNOR VETOEDOstmann
Raise maximum age limit for school bus drivers. Also imposes medical and skill requirements.
HB 904GOVERNOR SIGNEDLakin
Require health insurance cover child immunization. Define persons who can authorize immunization.
HB 905GOVERNOR SIGNEDRizzo
Implement constitutional amendment (if voters approve it) to create Department of Aging with a cap on the number of employees.
HB 929GOVERNOR SIGNEDAuer
Exempt reinsurance contracts from arbitration law.
HB 937GOVERNOR SIGNEDMarshall, T.
Exempt religious, service and fraternal groups from billboard fee for outdoor advertising on smaller billboards.
HB 941GOVERNOR SIGNEDSmith
Allow transfer of trust to have just the name of the trust.
HB 956GOVERNOR SIGNEDVan Zandt
Ban K.C. adjustment board from changing land use ordinance.
HB 974GOVERNOR SIGNEDGaw
Tougher penalties for repeat predatory sex offenders including life-time supervision parole supervision if released from prison.
HB 979GOVERNOR SIGNEDCrump
Continue easements and covenants on land sold through delinquent tax sales.
HB 980GOVERNOR SIGNEDFarnen
Let MU curators remove member for missing meetings. And for moving from district. Would require unanimous vote.
HB 991GOVERNOR SIGNEDKoller
Restrict Highways Deptment regulation of motor carriers to only those that carry household goods or passengers. Federal law now preempts all other common carriers.
HB 992GOVERNOR SIGNEDGaw
Tougher child-support enforcement powers. Provisions for multi-state enforcement.
HB 999GOVERNOR SIGNEDTreadway
Regulate and license physical therapist assistants.
HB 1047GOVERNOR SIGNEDThomason
Limit speeds limit on urban and two-lane roads. Allow 70 mph only on limited-access freeways.
HB 1069GOVERNOR SIGNEDKelly
Insurance must provide minimum hospital stay for delivery. 48 hours for normal delivery.
HB 1076GOVERNOR SIGNEDChilders
Make December 7 Peral Harbor Remembrance Day. Govt flags to be lown at half-staff.
HB 1081GOVERNOR SIGNEDCarter
Remove appropriation requirement for mental health earnings fund use.
HB 1086GOVERNOR SIGNEDFiebelman
Lower damage amounts for level of institutional vandalism penalties.
HB 1093GOVERNOR SIGNEDFoley
Raise maximum fire protection district tax voters can OK.
HB 1097GOVERNOR SIGNEDHosmer
Statewide first responder program for defibrillators. To be defined & setup by Health Dept.
HB 1098GOVERNOR SIGNEDGoward
Allow release of tobacco tax records to local government.
HB 1099GOVERNOR VETOEDWilliams, M.
Expand license & regulation of commercial feed operations. Stronger powers by Agriculture Dept.
HB 1110GOVERNOR SIGNEDTreadway
Restrict when foreign licensed accountant can work in state.
HB 1113GOVERNOR VETOEDStoll
College scholarships for students with high college-achievement test scores.
HB 1117GOVERNOR SIGNEDGreen
Let Social Services lease its Youth Services facilities.
HB 1123GOVERNOR SIGNEDMays
Fiscal notes to include cost impact on small business. Legislative staff estimates of cost of legislation.
HB 1131GOVERNOR SIGNEDKreider
Emergency leave for state govt workers in civil air patrol.
HB 1146GOVERNOR SIGNEDBacker
Raise number of non-merit workers agency director can have. Makes many other changes in merit system.
HB 1159GOVERNOR SIGNEDScheve
Several changes in bingo licensing. Allows advertising for bingo.
HB 1166GOVERNOR SIGNEDMcClelland
Expand minority scholarship program to junior college students planning to attend a teaching college.
HB 1168GOVERNOR SIGNEDCrum
Make May 15 Peace Officers Memorial Day. State flags to be flown at half-staff.
HB 1169GOVERNOR SIGNEDWilliams, D.
Zero alcohol tolerance for drivers under age 21. Driver's license suspension for 0.02% blood-alcohol content by a minor driver.
HB 1171GOVERNOR SIGNEDTate
Extend life of Rural Economic Development Council to 2010. It expires in year 2000.
HB 1207GOVERNOR SIGNEDTate
Tougher environmental regulation of large animal-raising plants.
HB 1208GOVERNOR SIGNEDBacker
Require flexible benefit plan for state workers. Select various options for health, retirement, etc.
HB 1217GOVERNOR SIGNEDShear
Notification requirement on COBRA insurance extension by surviving or divorced spouse.
HB 1221GOVERNOR SIGNEDFarnen
Remote limit on school moneys county treasurer can have in his posession.
HB 1223GOVERNOR SIGNEDMarshall, B.
Long-term auto lease deemed consummated at lessee's address. Affects taxes.
HB 1237GOVERNOR SIGNEDRizzo
Expand enterprise zone tax breaks for business. Allows new zones to be added, since 1990 cutoff date.
HB 1244GOVERNOR SIGNEDFarmer
Revolving fund for Missouri Arts Council Trust Fund.
HB 1248GOVERNOR SIGNEDSheve
Give U.S. concurrent police power in Grant Historic Site.
HB 1259GOVERNOR SIGNEDWilliams, D.
Allow appointment of temporary county planning & zoning board prior to voter approval of zoning.
HB 1260GOVERNOR SIGNEDLumpe
Extend 1997 expiration of water supply fee to year 2002. Used to finance support of federal Safe Drinking Water law.
HB 1286GOVERNOR SIGNEDPryor
Let salary commission set 1st class county administrator's pay.
HB 1295GOVERNOR SIGNEDGunn
Expand evidence search authority on a military facility. Let commanding officer conduct search.
HB 1301GOVERNOR SIGNEDMcLuckie
School violence bill. Allow alternative schools. Establish separate crime for assaulting a teacher.
HB 1304GOVERNOR SIGNEDHosmer
Crime to make a false 911 emergency service call.
HB 1315GOVERNOR SIGNEDSchwab
Driver's license to include county of residence.
HB 1320GOVERNOR VETOEDO'Connor
Impose additional requirements on abortion clinics and physicans who perform abortions.
HB 1346GOVERNOR SIGNEDVan Zandt
Change Kansas City area culture district compact to comply with Kansas law.
HB 1355GOVERNOR SIGNEDO'Toole
Tighten requirements for cost report on retirement bills. Fiscal impact estimates for legislation.
HB 1359GOVERNOR SIGNEDGreen
Let Administration Commissioner lease any state building.
HB 1361GOVERNOR SIGNEDGibbons
Effective retirement increase for some judges. Provide COLA to start at earlier rather than later option.
HB 1362GOVERNOR SIGNEDEvans
Exempt some long-term care facilities from provisions of the law requiring state approval for expansion. Exempts facilities for homeless, the mentally ill and a religious facility.
HB 1368GOVERNOR SIGNEDMay
Several changes in unemployment compensation program. Allow electronic filing of claims, provide probationary employment period, etc.
HB 1369GOVERNOR SIGNEDThomason
Require yield right of way to state water patrol vehicle. Adds water patrol vehicles to emergency vehicle definition.
HB 1376GOVERNOR SIGNEDMcClelland
Provides mediation procedures to handle conflict between school and parents on a child's special education needs.
HB 1379GOVERNOR VETOEDGross
Ban state agencies from disclosing Social Security number.
HB 1400GOVERNOR SIGNEDLumpe
Let Highway & Conservation Depts. get out of health plan for state employees. Other changes.
HB 1404GOVERNOR SIGNEDO'Toole
Extend age children get St. Louis Fireman retirement death benefits.
HB 1419GOVERNOR SIGNEDBacker
Allow sale of some state property in Callaway County.
HB 1431GOVERNOR SIGNEDShields
Let state sell some land in Buchanan County to United Cerebral Palsy.
HB 1432GOVERNOR SIGNEDLeake
Several change in state bank regulation.
HB 1440GOVERNOR SIGNEDBacker
Let phone company have directors by geographic district.
HB 1441GOVERNOR SIGNEDRoss
Let Patrol check FBI for school bus driver license app.
HB 1460GOVERNOR SIGNEDWiggins
Allow 911 emergency service district tax for bond issues upon voter approval.
HB 1466GOVERNOR SIGNEDRizzo
Expand sales tax exemption for manufacturing equipment. Include firebrick and slagging materials. CCR to S.
HB 1469GOVERNOR SIGNEDSkaggs
Person delinquent cannot bid on his tax foreclosure sale.
HB 1473GOVERNOR SIGNEDShear
Ease provisions licensing foreign doctors.
HB 1477GOVERNOR SIGNEDDays
Restrict law which provides for no election if only 1 candidate filed for the party committee to counties where no filing fee is charged.
HB 1504GOVERNOR SIGNEDSchwab
Let Cape Cirardeau County keep a coroner or have appointed medical examiner.
HB 1523GOVERNOR SIGNEDLinton
Require privacy for student academic records.
HB 1541GOVERNOR SIGNEDHagan-Harrell
Retirement increase for patrolman who retires early. Only if retires prior to 1996 and paid until reaches 65.
HB 1554GOVERNOR SIGNEDRichardson
Raise limit on small claims court suits can file in year from 6 to 8.
HB 1557GOVERNOR SIGNEDDays
Change deadline for political party to notify state of its presidential candidate (so Bill Clinton can appear on Missouri's ballot). Changes several other deadlines involving elections. Original bill was to eliminate some days when elections can be held.
HB 1566GOVERNOR SIGNEDRichardson
Let non-Mo. dental hygienists perform free service for 14 days per year as long as they are graduates of accredited hygiene school. Clarifies existing law.
HB 1598GOVERNOR SIGNEDHosmer
Make Sec. of State investor education fund revolving fund.
HB 1601GOVERNOR SIGNEDBacker
Give part of Fulton Mental Health Hospital to Fulton city.
HB 1604GOVERNOR SIGNEDBurton
Sell or give away Webb City National Guard armory.
HB 1610GOVERNOR SIGNEDFarnen
Extend liability lawsuit protection for venison donation. Add frozen vension to ground vension currently protected.
HB 1619GOVERNOR SIGNEDMcClelland
Expand role of family court commissioners.
SB 484GOVERNOR SIGNEDMelton
Allow at-large commission election for hospital districts.
SB 489GOVERNOR SIGNEDBanks
Authorize boot-camp type programs for juvenile offenders.
SB 491GOVERNOR SIGNEDScott
Expand animal abuse law to include non-mammals. Cover torture or mutilation. Now, must be both.
SB 494GOVERNOR SIGNEDCaskey
Several changes in probate process.
SB 497GOVERNOR SIGNEDRussell
Allow district zoning around Lake of the Ozarks.
SB 500GOVERNOR SIGNEDMathewson
Clarify how taxes refunded under the Hancock revenue limit imposed on state government by the constitution.
SB 501GOVERNOR SIGNEDMathewson
Let Ethics Commission hire lawyers to enforce ethics laws.
SB 506GOVERNOR SIGNEDLybyer
Extend MU engineering special funding law another ten years. Extend expiration date from June 1997 to June 2007.
SB 507GOVERNOR SIGNEDGoode
Major changes in regulation of telephone rates. Numerous changes. Establish state telecommunications office.
SB 521GOVERNOR SIGNEDJohnson
Expand investment powers of co-ops.
SB 522GOVERNOR VETOEDRohrbach
Repeal 70-years-old age limit for school bus drivers.
SB 524GOVERNOR SIGNEDClay
State tax on the broadcast or cablecast of professional boxing, wrestling & karate contests. Prohibit combat-fighting type matches.
SB 525GOVERNOR SIGNEDMoseley
PSC to develop a statewide phone service system for the deaf and other disabled.
SB 526GOVERNOR SIGNEDMoseley
Licensing and regulation of agents for college athletes.
SB 530GOVERNOR SIGNEDMcKenna
Allow out-state record check of ambulance license applicant.
SB 532GOVERNOR SIGNEDMcKenna
Allow emergency service board election be on municipal election date, rather than just general election date.
SB 540GOVERNOR SIGNEDWestfall
Transfer Mt.Vernon rehabilitation center to MU.
SB 560GOVERNOR SIGNEDGoode
Several changes in laws governing towing vehicles. Generally, strengthens powers to tow abandoned vehicles.
SB 572GOVERNOR SIGNEDMoseley
Repeal assessment law for early kindergarten enrollment.
SB 575GOVERNOR SIGNEDMcKenna
Extend nursing home deadline for certificate of need. Deadline for Aging Div. licensed home to start building.
SB 578GOVERNOR SIGNEDMaxwell
Remove legal limit on size of the Highway Patrol. Allow as many patrolmen as provided in appropriation.
SB 582GOVERNOR SIGNEDSims
Ban job discrimination against persons using guide dogs.
SB 589GOVERNOR SIGNEDGoode
Extend PSC gas pipeline rules to high pressure pipelines.
SB 598GOVERNOR SIGNEDMcKenna
Clarify process for water district voting by mail. Put it under jurisdiction of county clerk.
SB 604GOVERNOR SIGNEDHoward
Require government agency pschologists to be licensed.
SB 605GOVERNOR SIGNEDCaskey
Raise school construction cost limits that requires bidding. From more than $2,500 to more than $12,000.
SB 630GOVERNOR SIGNEDLybyer
Continue exemption of telephone co-ops from PSC regulation. Current law puts co-ops under PSC regulation Sept. 1996.
SB 640GOVERNOR SIGNEDScott
Extend jet fuel sales tax exemption to 2001. Tax exemption for TWA expires Dec. 1996.
SB 657GOVERNOR SIGNEDWestfall
Makes livestock theft a felony crime.
SB 661GOVERNOR SIGNEDHoward
Allow Conservation Department staff to detain violators of wildlife and forestry regulations.
SB 662GOVERNOR SIGNEDHoward
Repeal sunset of landfill fees for economic development. Set to expire July 1998.
SB 664GOVERNOR SIGNEDKlarich
Require real estate settlement agents use certified funds such as a cashier's check.
SB 665GOVERNOR SIGNEDCaskey
Allow 2nd class county sewer district to be appointed rather than elected. Allow part of district outside county.
SB 668GOVERNOR VETOEDMelton
Stop sending SIS traffic violations to state. No record sent if suspended imposition of sentence.
SB 670GOVERNOR SIGNEDMelton
Create state fund to finance preservation of state records. Subject to whatever the legislature appropriates.
SB 671GOVERNOR SIGNEDMathewson
Extend levee district borrowing power to cover 1995 floods. Original law allowing borrowing was for 1993 floods.
SB 676GOVERNOR SIGNEDQuick
Let some county & city hospitals operate outside boundaries.
SB 677GOVERNOR SIGNEDCaskey
Limit oversize farm loads on highway to nighttime.
SB 683GOVERNOR SIGNEDMueller
Raise limit on late payment fee for installment contracts.
SB 687GOVERNOR SIGNEDGoode
Create board to oversee the St. Louis Special School District board.
SB 693GOVERNOR SIGNEDMoseley
Bigger coroner pay cut for not completing continuing ed. Raise salary loss from $500 to $1000.
SB 694GOVERNOR SIGNEDMoseley
Clarify powers of MU police, with full police powers and covered by police-training requirements.
SB 702GOVERNOR SIGNEDLybyer
Joint Committee on Capital Improvement to review leases by state government.
SB 703GOVERNOR SIGNEDWiggins
Require insurance cover clinical social worker services.
SB 708GOVERNOR SIGNEDCaskey
State regulation of above-ground storage tanks. State now regulates & charges fees for underground ones.
SB 715GOVERNOR SIGNEDFlotron
Add four legislators to Mississippi River Parkway Comm.
SB 719GOVERNOR SIGNEDStaples
Add county public administrator to the county salary commission. Also raise minimum fees collected by the public administrator below which the county can provide a set salary.
SB 720GOVERNOR SIGNEDStaples
Allow lawsuit against agency before all administrative remedies are exhausted, under limited circumstances.
SB 721GOVERNOR SIGNEDMoseley
Parole Board determine parole for those in drug treatment rather than the sentencing court.
SB 722GOVERNOR SIGNEDMoseley
Zero alcohol tolerance for drivers under age 21. Driver's license suspension for 0.02% blood-alcohol content by a minor driver.
SB 723GOVERNOR VETOEDHouse
Prohibit common law liens. Couple of changes involving county salary commissions and several other changes involving county government.
SB 728GOVERNOR SIGNEDEhlmann
Change St. Charles community mental health board membership. Make like St. Louis, same as children's services board.
SB 735GOVERNOR SIGNEDFlotron
Let annexed area residents vote in fire district elections.
SB 740GOVERNOR SIGNEDMaxwell
Multi-state compact to handle emergencies and disasters.
SB 757GOVERNOR VETOEDMaxwell
Limit storm-water bonds to first class counties. Also implement proposed constitutional amendment authorizing joint utility commissions to provide sewer services.
SB 758GOVERNOR SIGNEDSingleton
Limit when Patrol certifies mobile home sales registration. Certify location of lot only for initial registration.
SB 759GOVERNOR SIGNEDLybyer
Exand insurance firms under risk-based capital regulations.
SB 766GOVERNOR SIGNEDCaskey
Make animal lab fee fund a revolving account. So excess funds at year's end not go to general revenue.
SB 768GOVERNOR SIGNEDHoward
Prohibit same-sex marriages. Also provides several changes in family trust provisions. Let probate judge put disabled child's inheritance or award directly into the Family Trust Fund.
SB 769GOVERNOR SIGNEDQuick
Several change in crime-victim assistance fund. Extend time for filing, change distribution of funds and impose some additional court costs for the fund.
SB 777GOVERNOR SIGNEDMoseley
Exempt domestic violence victim prosecuting cases from paying court costs. Required by federal law.
SB 780GOVERNOR SIGNEDStaples
Number of changes in common carrier regulation, many to comply with federal law. Restrict motor carrier law to household goods and passengers.
SB 781GOVERNOR SIGNEDBanks
Raise state payment to counties for housing state inmates to $37.50, subject to appropriations.
SB 787GOVERNOR SIGNEDDePasco
Let Veterans' Commission volunteers be reimbursed for expenses and provide them with legal defense coverage for liability lawsuits.
SB 792GOVERNOR SIGNEDWestfall
Expand truck weight exempted from showing owner's name and address on the truck. From 12,000 to 24,000 pounds.
SB 795GOVERNOR SIGNEDMaxwell
Let school districts keep utility and railroad taxes that was scheduled to be diverted to the state for distribution to all schools under the state school funding program.
SB 805GOVERNOR SIGNEDCurls
College scholarship in environment or minority students subject to legislative funding.
SB 806GOVERNOR SIGNEDKinder
Let any new 1st class county keep old coroner system. Rather than having to go to medical examiner.
SB 811GOVERNOR SIGNEDGoode
Require village ordinances be read twice prior to adoption.
SB 818GOVERNOR SIGNEDWiggins
Limit K.C. Cultural District vote to primary or general election.
SB 826GOVERNOR SIGNEDTreppler
Merge two sections of the earthquake safety building law.
SB 830GOVERNOR SIGNEDMoseley
Clarify tougher penalty covers only repeat drug offenders in state drug law.
SB 834GOVERNOR SIGNEDGraves
Felony to sell native American remains or burial items.
SB 835GOVERNOR SIGNEDKlarich
Several minor changes in stock company laws. Add shareholder proxy provisions.
SB 837GOVERNOR SIGNEDMathewson
Give legislature responsibility to publish its journals. Now, that's the job of the Secretary of State.
SB 845GOVERNOR SIGNEDKlarich
Change St. Louis County levee district assessment provisions and how much voting weight property owners have.
SB 846GOVERNOR SIGNEDTreppler
Require Tourism Commission members be Missouri residents. Seat vacated if commission member moves from the state.
SB 850GOVERNOR SIGNEDDePasco
Let non-Missouri police pursue drunken driver into Missouri.
SB 854GOVERNOR SIGNEDMoseley
Accept Ohio changes for Midwest Radioactive Waste Compact. States will share in cleanup costs and liabilities.
SB 855GOVERNOR SIGNEDClay
Implement fed law requiring witholding of unemployement comp payments. Notification provisions.
SB 857GOVERNOR SIGNEDJohnson
Technical change in teacher retirement provision. Medical benefits not used as reason to adjust contributions.
SB 858GOVERNOR SIGNEDBanks
Expand definition of HIV AIDS test to include non-blood sample.
SB 860GOVERNOR SIGNEDJohnson
Change purchase of prior credit into teacher retirement system. Several changes.
SB 869GOVERNOR SIGNEDSchneider
Supreme Court set court fees and court costs.
SB 870GOVERNOR SIGNEDStaples
Let Highways Department sell some land in Shannon County.
SB 874GOVERNOR SIGNEDMoseley
Make Missouri Fire Education fund a revolving account. So will not automatically revert to General Revenue.
SB 876GOVERNOR SIGNEDTreppler
All boards named by governor must be Missouri residents.
SB 883GOVERNOR SIGNEDBentley
Open enrollment for disabled in Medicare supplemental insurance. Disclosure requirements.
SB 884GOVERNOR SIGNEDMoseley
Expand mental health commitment law and allow mental health commitment to non-residential, out-based treatment facilities.
SB 896GOVERNOR SIGNEDCurls
Lower standing of debts owed US gov't in dissolved insurer.
SB 898GOVERNOR SIGNEDFlotron
Repeal limits on retail time and retail charge contract rates.
SB 914GOVERNOR SIGNEDQuick
Prohibit delinquent owner from bidding on tax sale of his own land. Let delinquent-tax sales be held somewhere other than the courthouse.
SB 916GOVERNOR SIGNEDBentley
Allow sliding fee scale for hospice care.
SB 926GOVERNOR SIGNEDMelton
Publish school financial statement only in year not audited. Now must publish a financial statement every year.
SB 929GOVERNOR VETOEDMcKenna
Ban possession of ephedrine to manufacture metaphetamine.
SB 930GOVERNOR SIGNEDMcKenna
Change who is exempt from cosmetologist exam prior to 1997. From class A cosmetologist to class CH or CA.
SB 933GOVERNOR SIGNEDFlotron
Remove several marketing restrictions on liquor wholesalers. Original bill was to allow auctioneers to sell vintage wine collections.
SB 940GOVERNOR SIGNEDClay
Call sale of St. Louis Mental Health Hospital to YMCA.
SB 945GOVERNOR SIGNEDWestfall
Enforces Green County & Springfield tax distribution plan. Just provides that agreement remains in force.
SB 947GOVERNOR SIGNEDStaples
Sell some land in St. Francois County to American Legion Post.
SB 952GOVERNOR SIGNEDMathewson
Extend nursing home reimbursement allowance to 1996. Expires in 1996. Allows state get more Medicaid money.
SB 981GOVERNOR SIGNEDGoode
Let local governments seek voter approval to re-impose the local use tax on out-state purchases. The previous use tax had been struck down by the courts.

Missouri Digital News is produced by Missouri Digital News, Inc. -- a non profit organization of current and former journalists.